U.S. citizens and long-term residents can submit petitions for visas for particular relatives. The amount of time it requires to get a family immigration visa depends upon the petitioner and the kind of member of the family. This will likewise identify which applications to send.
(1) What Is A Family Immigration Visa?
There are 2 kinds of household visas; Immediate Relative Immigrant visa and Family Preference Immigrant visa. Immediate relative immigrant visas are not restricted each financial year. These types consist of:
- IR-1 Spouse of a U.S. citizen
- IR-2 A single child under the age of 21 of a U.S. citizen
- IR-3 An orphan embraced abroad by a U.S. citizen
- IR-4 An orphan embraced in U.S. by a U.S. citizen
- IR-5 A parent of a U.S. citizen a minimum of 21 years of age
Family choice immigrant visas specify, more remote kind of relationships with a U.S. citizen and some specific relationships with a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR). These visas are restricted to a particular number annually.
These types consist of:
- Family first preference (F1): unmarried children of U.S. citizens and their small kids (23,400 each year).
- Family second preference (F2): spouses, small kids, and children of age 21 and over of LPRs. Seventy-seven percent of the visas go to spouses and small kids, the rest go to children over 21 years of age. (114,200).
- Family third preference (F3): wed kids of U.S. citizens and their partners and small kids (23,400).
- Family fourth preference (F4): siblings of U.S. citizens, and their partners and small kids, if the United States citizens are at least 21 years of age (65,000).
When the family preference immigrant visas have all been appointed, there will be a waitlist.
These petitions will be chosen in sequential order based upon file date. Your file date is your concern date. Your petition might not be authorized prior to your concern date. Sometimes, it might be years prior to a petition is authorized.
(2) Filing A Petition.
The primary step to getting a family immigration visa is submitting a petition with the workplace of USCIS. A U.S. citizen needs to be 21 years of age or older to petition for siblings or parents.
A U.S. citizen needs to be at least 18 years or older to sign an Affidavit of Support and need to have a home in the United States which you prepare to live for the foreseeable future.
If your status modifications from LPR to U.S. citizen after you declare a petition for a visa, this will alter the kind of visa your relative gets. Your partner or kids will now be thought about instant household and there will be no limitation on visas. Adopted kids might receive U.S. citizenship as well.
Adult kids might likewise update from F2 to F1, although they might give up the upgrade because the waitlist for F2 is normally much shorter.
(3) Application, Fees And Documents.
As soon as the USCIS authorizes the petition for visa, the National Visa Center (NVC) will designate a case number. The NVC will need an Address and Agent kind (Form DS-261).
You will also be needed to send proper costs (filing and processing charges, medical examination costs, etc), immigrant visa files, application, civil files (birth certificate, marital relationship certificate), and so on.
If your petition is authorized, your partner and small single kids might likewise request immigration visas. They too need to likewise pay the needed costs, and send all files, etc.
When all your charges and documents are received, an interview is set up. The NVC will send out all documents to the United States Embassy or the Consulate where the interview will happen.
The consular representative will figure out if the petitioner is qualified to get an immigrant visa. All medical checkups and vaccinations ought to be carried out prior to the interview.
(5) Moving To America.
When you get your immigrant visa, the consular workplace will provide you a passport and official sealed files to just be opened by a U.S. immigration officer as soon as you go into the United States.
You need to get in the United States prior to the expiration date on your visa. The main candidate needs to get in the United States prior to or at the exact same time as members of the family. You should likewise pay the immigration charge to the USCIS prior to going into the United States
Applying for a family immigration visa can be a frustrating task. It is typical for an immigration lawyer to help in the procedure. Submitting the incorrect documentation or finishing actions out of order can postpone or stop your application procedure. If you require additional information about family immigration law, please call the offices of Davis & Associates where our family-based immigration legal representatives can help you with all your requirements.